14 Growing Arborvitae Trees Types & Care How To Grow 2022
Thuja is a genus of coniferous trees in the Cupressaceae. There are five species in the genus, two native to North America and three native to eastern Asia. The genus is monophyletic and sister to Thujopsis. Members are commonly known as arborvitaes, thujas or cedars.
- Lifespan: 50 to 150 years
- Family: Cupressaceae
- Subfamily: Cupressoideae
- Genus: Thuja; L.
- Class: Pinopsida
- Order: Pinales
Growing Arborvitae Trees: Tips on How to Grow an Arborvitae
Arborvitae Thuja is one of the most versatile and attractive trees or shrubs found in the landscape; they are helpful as a material mulch, in pots, or as interesting focal points for the garden. Planting an arborvitae hedge provides security a beautiful display.
This easy-to-grow evergreen comes in a wide variety of sizes and colours, providing a solution for almost any landscape situation. Follow a few tips on how to grow a tree of life, and you will have a plant with a superior growth habit and ease of care.
Arborvitae growing conditions
Arborvitae prefers moist, well-drained soil in full sun even partial shade. Most areas of the United States provide ideal conditions for growing Arborvitae and are hardy USDA zone 3. Check drainage before planting a tree of life and add sand to a depth of 8 inches 20 cm if your soil will retain too much moisture.
Arborvitae needs soil pH levels of 6.0 to 8.0, which should have a good amount of organic material worked on to increase its structure and nutrient levels.
When to plant Arborvitae
Most evergreen plants, such as Arborvitae, are planted when they are not actively growing for best results. Depending on where you live, they can be planted in late winter if the soils are viable, or you may have to wait until early spring when the ground has thawed.
Arborvitae is generally sold rolled and burlap, which means that the root system is protected from harsh conditions allows you to be more forgiving when planting Arborvitae than with bare root trees. They can also be established in the ground in late fall if the base is covered a thick layer of bark or organic mulch.
How to Plant Arborvitae Trees
The location and condition of the soil are the main concerns regarding how to plant arborvitae trees. These scaly-leaved evergreens have a broad, spreading root system, which tends to be close to the surface. Dig the hole twice as wide and deep as the root ball to allow the roots to spread out as the tree establishes itself.
Water frequently for the first few months and then begin to decrease. Water deeply when watering and make sure the plant doesn’t dry out in summer’s punishing, hot weather.
How to grow Arborvitae
Arborvitae is a very tolerant plant that does not require pruning and has naturally graceful pyramidal shapes. While the plants prey on a few insects, they are prone to mite infestations during hot, dry weather. Deep watering and spraying the foliage can minimize the presence of these pests.
Apply a three-inch layer of mulch around tree’s base and fertilize in the spring with an excellent all-purpose garden fertilizer.
Novice gardeners will be particularly rewarded when planting Arborvitae due to low maintenance and complaint-free growth patterns.
Arborvitae Plant Varieties: Knowing Different Types of Arborvitae
By Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden
Trees of Life are perfect for many landscapes used as single focal points or as part of a windbreak or privacy fence. If you need a different size or are interested in multiple cultivars, check out the following tree of life varieties in this article.
Bowling Ball Arborvitae: Tips for Growing a Mr Bowling Ball Plant
by Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Farmer
Plant names often give an idea of shape, colour, size, and other characteristics. Mr Bowling Ball Thuja is no exception. The resemblance to its namesake as a domed plant that fits into awkward spaces makes this tree of life an attractive addition. More information here.
Emerald Green Arborvitae Information: Tips for Growing Emerald Green Arborvitae
The key to successfully using Arborvitae in the landscape is selecting suitable varieties. This article is about the popular Arborvitae, commonly known as “Emerald Green” or “Smaragd.” Click here for information on Emerald Green arborvitae.
Though Evergreen Tree Care: How to Grow a Green Giant Tree of Life
Few garden plants grow faster or taller than the Thuja Green Giant. This vast, vigorous evergreen can quickly rise above you and, in a few years, produce more elevated than your house. For more information on Thuja Green Giant plants, click here.
Arborvitae winter care: what to do about winter damage to Arborvitae
If you have Arborvitae in your yard and you live in a cold climate, you’ve probably seen them occasionally get damaged during the winter. To learn more about winter lesions on arborvitae shrubs this article will help you.
Fertilizing Arborvitae – When and how to fertilize an Arborvitae
Loved for their rapid growth, Arborvitae often requires fertilizer to thrive. It is not difficult to start fertilizing Arborvitae. Click on this article to learn how to fertilize Arborvitae and the type of fertilizer for Arborvitae.
Growing Arborvitae Trees: Tips on How to Grow an Arborvitae
Arborvitae is one of the most versatile and attractive trees or shrubs found in the landscape. Planting an arborvitae hedge provides security and a beautiful display. Find growing tips in this article.
Advantages and disadvantages of Arborvitae trees
Some people love Arborvitae, and others hate them. Before positioning yourself on either side, make sure you understand its advantages and disadvantages. The group of evergreen shrubs known as Arborvitae is commonly used in the domestic, urban and suburban landscape, to the point of being overused.
Arborvitae shrubs and trees have pros, but there are enough cons and better alternatives to choose from other evergreen species. Of course, we’ll let you decide as we explore both the benefits of planting Arborvitae and the reasons why you shouldn’t grow Arborvitae in the landscape.
Advantages of planting Arborvitae
If you want a fast-growing, easy-care plant that creates the hedge or privacy screen you need in record time, Arborvitae is second to none. And they are also beautiful exemplary trees. Arborvitaes ( Thuja spp.) Are evergreen members of the cypress family that thrive in many regions of the United States, although more varieties grow in more excellent areas than warmer ones
Thanks to their rapid growth and easy care, fast-growing and evergreen – Arborvitae rose to the top of the popularity list.
And if you judge them by these terms, they are still second to none. The Arborvitae is a very fast-growing tree or shrub, which alone has won many followers. Most gardeners thinking of a privacy hedge or wind screen wish they had acted months or years in advance, as the rapid growth of Arborvitae is a huge plus.
Even if you grow Arborvitae as a tree, it’s nice to see it go from seedling to ‘tree’ in record time. It’s a shame that so few gardeners regard Arborvitae as real trees, as, planted alone and allowed to mature, they are gorgeous evergreens.
How fast does this species grow? Each species has its growth rate, but some grow 1 meter or more each year and reach 4.5 to 6 m. They are evergreen means that privacy protection or wind-blocking lasts all year round.
Undemanding and easy to care for
The Arborvitae is not a plant. Although trees prefer deep soil with excellent drainage, they can happily grow in most soils. You have to make sure the place gets some sun
and is big enough for the tree to reach its maximum size. Once the Arborvitae is established, you don’t need to do much to care for it. These trees have no pest or disease problems, need no compost or pruning to thrive, and are moderately drought tolerant.
However, that does not mean that you should not use water since the healthier the trees are, the stronger their resistance to pests in the area. And if your arborvitaes grow too big, feel free to prune them again. They accept pruning and shearing with grace. But never prune trees to bare stems, as they usually don’t grow back.
Economical and beneficial for wildlife – Another of the pros of Arborvitae is its price. You can usually find inexpensive arborvitae plants, especially if they are pretty small. And, given how fast they grow, your hedge won’t lag much if you buy the younger bushes.
Because arborvitaes are evergreen, birds, squirrels, and small mammals find shelter in their dense branches throughout the year. Some trees also
provide food in the form of seeds. At this time, taking care of nature
in all its forms is essential.
Cons of planting Arborvitae
Many people turn to Arborvitae for protection and privacy for various reasons, and some of them are good. For example, they proliferate, allowing you to have a tall screen in just a few years. Arborvitaes are also easy to find at your local nursery and easy to grow in the right conditions; all of this is true. But there are some severe problems and reasons to look for alternatives if planning a hedge
or screen in your garden. These disadvantages of the Arborvitae should also.
Arborvitaes can be sensitive – A big draw of Arborvitae is that they require little maintenance, but this is only true if you can provide ideal conditions. They quickly turn brown in drought conditions and are poorly tolerant of dry winds and salt. The typical stress response is to darken and drop the needles, sometimes permanently.
They’re just dull – It may not be the case for everyone, but in my neighbourhood, you can barely walk a block without seeing a row of tightly packed arborvitaes. These shrubs have been over us. The variety is good.
Arborvitae shrubs snap and snap easily – These shrubs often shed double leaders, a tendency that makes them susceptible to unsightly branch breaks. A strong wind or lots of snow in winter may be all it takes to create a gap in your hedge.
Deer and Caterpillars Love Arborvitaes – If you live in a region with lots of deer with no natural predators, watch them nibble on your hedge. Deer nibble on Arborvitae, especially in winter when vegetation is harder to find.
Caterpillars will eat your Arborvitae too. Arborvitae varieties don’t usually have many pests, but caterpillars can do a lot of damage. They eat the needles and can spread quickly, especially since most shrubs are planted together.
How to remedy the drawbacks of Arborvitae
Arborvitae trees and shrubs aren’t all bad, it’s true. But they can be unsightly due to falling needles and broken branches and because caterpillars spread across them like wildfire, breaking the monotony and using other types of evergreen hedges. Good alternatives are
juniper varieties and some types of holly and cypress.
If you still plan to add Arborvitae, use these shrubs and trees as part of a species mix for a healthier ecosystem and better overall appearance.
How quickly does arborvitae grow?
Will grow up to 3′ per year until maturity. Darkens or bronzes slightly in the winter. Requires little or no pruning but can be sheared easily if necessary. Should be planted 5–6′ apart for a screen or hedge.
Does arborvitae need sun or shade?
Arborvitae (Thuja) perform best when planted in a minimum of six hours or more of direct sun per day. However, they can tolerate light shade in areas that only receive four hours of midday sun per day.
Is arborvitae a tree or a bush?
Arborvitae are trees or shrubs, usually pyramidal in habit, with thin, scaling outer bark and fibrous inner bark, horizontal or ascending branches, and characteristically flattened, spraylike branchlet systems. Each branchlet has four rows of tiny, scalelike leaves.
How tall does arborvitae get?
Mature Size. The American arborvitae grows to a height of 40–60′ and a spread of 10–15′ at maturity.
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14 Growing Arborvitae Trees Types & Care How To Grow 2022